Undesired changes in skin pigmentation are a major concern to many women and men. Some of the pigment changes in the skin are genetic in nature and some are hormonal like melasma (mask of pregnancy).
Dark spots on the face or neck arise from a disorder of specialized skin cells responsible for a production of skin pigment. These skin cells are called melanocytes. Hormonal stimulation from taking an oral birth control, sun exposure, or taking some prescribed or over-the-counter drugs that cause photosensitivity (like tetracycline antibiotic used to treat acne), are responsible for formation of darker skin spots, generally described as hyperpigmentation. Treatment of skin hyperpigmentation must be accessed individually. Chemical Peels, micro-needling and Microdermabrasion can significantly reduce dark skin patches and melasma. For select clients, hyperpigmentation of the skin can be reduced by Photofacials, microneedling and Fraxel Laser. At home care is also required by every client and includes avoiding sun exposure and the effective application of sunscreens. Skin Care Programs with various lightening agents ranging from a cucumber extract to creams with hydroquinone, are very important components of a treatment plan for hyperpigmentation.